【Abstract】When landowning rural migrants in urban areas in China become unemployed, theyretain the option to return home to agricultural work. As a result, the opportunity costof the loss of employment for these migrants declines. In addition, the potential wealtharising from compensation for expropriated rural land increases significantly withongoing urbanization in China. This weakens the incentive for landowning ruralmigrants to work as hard in urban employment as they might otherwise. In this paper,we employ the Floating Population Dynamic Monitoring Survey for Beijing, Shanghai,and Guangzhou in 2012, as surveyed by the Municipal Population and Family PlanningCommission to assess the employment disincentives induced by rural land ownership.We find that compared with landless rural migrants, landowning rural migrants generally have less job stability and lower salaries.
【Keywords】Rural migrants；Rural land；Disincentive；Employment behavior